Men gets breast cancer, is it true? let’s see. When children are small it is very difficult to identify, whether he/she is boy or girl. As time passed, both are showing their identity. How is it happen? Everyone has that query. There is a science, behind it. Hormone science, which gives unique identity to them. You all may be thinking, when male does not have breast, then how can they be suffering for breast cancer?
We know boys and girls having similar breast tissue. Men do not have similar breast as women. During puberty, production and reduction of hormone levels shows the difference in male and females. There is high production of testosterone and low production of estrogen levels which stop breast development in males. Some milk ducts are present in men breast, but it remain undeveloped. Lobules are also absent.
Breast cancer occurs in men is a rare disease. Breast cancer risk is lower in men than women. In 2017, about 2470 men are expected to be diagnosed with this disease. Less than 1% men occurs breast cancer. In U.S. risk of getting breast cancer is about 1 in 1000 men compared to 1 in 8 for U.S. women.
Types of Breast Cancer in Men
Breast cancer is classified based on the proteins on or in the cancer cells, into groups like hormone receptor-positive and triple negative. Types also separated into several types which based on the cells of the cancer cells look under the microscope.”
- Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)
- Infiltrating (or invasive) ductal carcinoma (IDC)
- Infiltrating (or invasive) lobular carcinoma (ILC)
- Paget disease of the nipple
- Inflammatory breast cancer
Men suffer for breast cancer older age. As age increases (68 to 71 years), there is more risk for men.
Man who exposed to estrogen are suffer for breast cancer. If man take estrogen related drugs, as a treatment of hormone therapy for prostate cancer or used as a part of sex change procedure.
If you have a history of breast cancer in your family then there would be a greater chances of developing breast cancer.
Testicle Disease or Surgery
If man suffer with inflamed testicles or removal of testicles by surgery. They have more risk of breast cancer.
Fat cells convert androgens into estrogen. Obese man has higher number of cells in his body and it may result in increased estrogen level and higher the risk of breast cancer.
In liver disease, certain conditions eg. Cirrhosis of the liver, can reduces male hormones and increases the level of female hormones. It can be chances of developing breast cancer.
Exposure to Radiation
If man is received radiation treatment for chest, such as cancer. Then it would be chances to develop the breast cancer.
This syndrome is occurs when a boy born with more than one copy of the X chromosome. Klinefelter’s syndrome causes abnormal development of the testicles. In this condition, male produces less male hormone and more female hormone. And men are more at risk of breast cancer.
Treatment for Breast Cancer
There are different types of treatment for different breast cancer. Few common treatment for breast cancer is includes…..
The most common type of surgery which used for men is a mastectomy. Surgery is done for removal of all cancer cells from the breast. This method used to removing the whole breast, including the nipple and area present around the nipple. Breast conserving surgery used for removing cancerous part of the breast. This surgery is identified by the name of lumpectomy. But this surgery method is not suitable for men because there is not enough breast tissue situated in male breast.
Chemotherapy is a treatment of cancer, which comes in the form of medicine and injections. For this treatment person has to get admitted for one or two days in the hospital. These drugs kills the cancer cells. Not all men with breast cancer need chemotherapy
Radiotherapy is given after breast conserving surgery. It is a radiation treatment. This treatment is uses to kill cancer cells which may be left in the breast or lymph nodes under the axilla or arm. Sometimes this treatment is recommended after mastectomy.
Hormone therapy is used to treat hormone receptor positive (ER+PR+) breast cancer. This is a most common therapy which is recommended for men. Tablet Tamoxifen one tablet every day for five years or more as per doctor order person has to take. Some days person feel uncomfortable because of this medicine but do not worry about this consult your doctor.
Targeted therapy, the name itself gives idea of this treatment. Drugs which used in this therapy are act on certain types of breast cancer. Herceptin drug is used to treat HER2-positive breast cancer.