Managerial skills can be divided into three categories The ability to make business decisions and lead subordinates within a company. managerial skills represent a knowledge and ability of the individual on a managerial position to fulfill some specific managerial activities or tasks.
There are many definitions about skills that talk about talent. Talent is something personal related with an individual and represents a native gift from the nature about that something inside that talented persons. All persons cannot be artists. Usually, artists are born with the gift of art, but despite their talent they continue to develop their talent to improve their art skills.
managers will need skills that will help them to manage people and technology to ensure an effective and efficient realization of their working tasks.
According to Professor Robert Katz, there are three managerial skills, viz.,
Knowledge of subordinate functions –
Technical skills as the name of these skills tells us, they give the manager’s knowledge and ability to use different techniques to achieve what they want to achieve. Technical skills are not related only for machines, production tools or other equipment, but also they are skills that will be required to increase sales, design different types of products and services, market the products and services…
The performance of all operative and technical tasks is not a prerequisite for a manager, but he/she should be well versed with all technical specialists under his/her general command, so that, if the need arises, the resources or manpower can be shifted or rescheduled to achieve maximum benefits.
Interactive skill is a part of interpersonal relationship and hence should not necessary be correlated with technical expertise. Development of interactive skills helps to know how the subordinates will work to their maximum potential and how to get them to coordinate with one another to generate an environment of satisfaction.
Human or interpersonal managerial skills present a manager’s knowledge and ability to work with people. One of the most important management tasks is to work with people. Without people, there will not be a need for existence of management and managers.
These skills will enable managers to become leaders, to motivate employees for better accomplishments, to make more effective use of human potential in the company and so on. Simply, they are the most important skills for managers.
Conceptual skills present knowledge or ability of a manager for more abstract thinking. That means he can easily see the whole through analysis and diagnosis of different states in order to predict the future of the business or department as a whole.
The conceptual skills will help managers to look outside the goals of a single business department and make decisions that will satisfy overall business goals.
Conceptual skill is the ability to visualize (see) the organisation as a whole. It includes Analytical, Creative and Initiative skills. It helps the manager to identify the causes of the problems and not the symptoms. It helps him to solve the problems for the benefit of the entire organisation. It helps the manager to fix goals for the whole organisation and to plan for every situation
Conceptual skills are vital for top managers, less important for mid-level managers, and not required for first-level managers. As we go from a bottom of the managerial hierarchy to the top, the importance of these skills will rise.
Administrative skills are required at the top-level management. The top-level managers should know how to make plans and policies. They should also know how to get the work done. They should be able to co-ordinate different activities of the organisation. They should also be able to control the full organisation.
A manager should be familiar with the administrative problems of the middle or lower level managers and they newly appointed managers as these may be lurking below the surface. These are the ones which might be responsible for the poor performance of the subordinates.
The most important area to be measured is administrative skills. Once the work is geared up to planning, organizing, developing, scheduling, forecasting, controlling and evaluating the following administrative skills will be required….
- Information Processing
- Decision making
- Evaluating and Rewarding
- Development and training
- Leading and advocating