Diabetic Neuropathy – Diabetes management is a lifelong challenge for diabetic person, if it is not deal with properly leads to number of hazardous complications. These complications can be acute and chronic.
Acute complications are short-term complications. Short term complications, which can be treated immediately, such as hypoglycaemia, Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Hyperglycaemia etc.
Chronic complications are long-term complications. Which divided again into micro and macro vascular.
Micro means tiny and vascular means related to vessels. Microvascular complications occurs to brain, urinary system and eyes are involved. For brain complications known as neuropathy, kidneys or whole urinary system known as nephropathy and for eyes related to retina known as retinopathy.
Macro means major. Macro-vascular complications heart, brain and hands and feet get affected. When heart gets involved is known as cardiovascular disease, when brain gets involved than it is known as cerebrovascular disease and when hands and feet gets involved then you can say it is peripheral vascular disease.
Neuropathy is a microvascular complication of diabetic, which affects the nerves in the body. Neuropathy commonly effects on the feet. Person who is having diabetes, have to take more care of their feet. Diabetic people often have a number of doubts and queries related to foot care such as choice of footwear, use of socks, cutting toe nails etc.
Diabetes neuropathy occurs in approximately 50% of individuals with long-standing type-1 and type-2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes neuropathy is a group of nerve disorder cause due to diabetes. Diabetic neuropathy risk is increased with duration of diabetes and sugar control in the blood.
Diabetic neuropathy can be caused variety of symptoms, like pain, numbness and weakness in hands, arms and legs (peripheral nerves). Diabetic neuropathy can be affected almost all the organ system in the body.
Diabetic neuropathy is classified in polyneuropathy, mono-neuropathy and autonomic neuropathy.
There are two major types of diabetic neuropathy
In autonomic neuropathy nerves of various organs are affected such as heart, genito-urinary system, gastro-intestinal system, blood vessels, sweat glands and eyes.
In peripheral neuropathy, nerves of the hands and feet are affected.