Care of Nails – Your fingernails — composed of laminated layers of a protein called keratin — grow from the area at the base of the nail under your cuticle. Healthy fingernails are smooth, without pits or grooves. They’re uniform in color and consistency and free of spots or discoloration.
Clean and Dry Nails
Always wash your hands with following hand hygiene steps which includes the cleaning of finger tips. This helps in averting building up of fungi, bacteria and other germs under your fingernails.
Trim and File Nails Regularly
Always trim and cut your nails after bath or when nails are soft with water. Use sharp manicure clipper or scissor for this purpose. First trim your nails straight across, then round the tips in mild curves with file.
Moisturize Nails and Cuticle Area
Apply moisturizer everyday after taking bath. While using hand lotion, apply the lotion onto your nails and cuticles also. You can rub a little moisturizer on your nails and cuticles before going to bed. This helps in preventing cracking peeling and drying. Do not pull the cuticles, its injured the side corners of fingernail.
Do not use dish washing bar or rub, which harm to your hands and nails. After dish washing rub gently hands cream on to your hands, nails and particularly cuticle area each time.
Wear cotton-lined rubber gloves while gardening, washing dishes or using harsh chemicals to protect your nails and cuticles. If used rubber gloves, remove it when irritated on hands.
Clear Nail Polish
Apply a thin coat of clear nail polish to lock-in the moisture into the nails. Do not apply nail polish for longer period, It changes the colour of nails and which is unhealthy for nails.
Nail Polish Coat or Ridge Fillers outside of the Nails
This helps in protecting the nails from breaking and splitting. It increases the beauty of nails.
Treat Ingrown Nails
This is a condition when the edge of your nail grows into surrounding skin fold. To avoid this, try trimming your nails straight across and then carefully trim the ingrown nails.
Wear Sunscreen When Required
While going in to sunlight for extended periods, do wear a sunscreen onto your hands to protect your hands, nails, cuticles from sun damage.
Tips Nail Care –Don’ts- Care of Nails
Do not Misuse Your Fingernails
Do not use your fingernails instead of tools to pick, wrench, poke or pry things open, as these actions are likely to damage your nails and nail bed. It cause injury and infection.
Avoid Long Soaks
Submerging of your nails for long periods into water and exposure of your nails for long periods to any kind of detergent while soaking your hands leads to weakening of your nails and cuticles. Consider wearing cotton-lined rubber gloves while doing chores that involve such activities.
Avoid Over-Use of Nail-Polish Remover
Try to use minimal quantity of nail-polish remover and avoid too much of it on to your skin or cuticles. Also choose one which is acetone-free, as acetone dries out nails.
Do Not Use Nail Products Containing Toluene or Formaldehyde
Do not choose products having these ingredients, as they are harmful for nails, cuticles and your body. It dries the nails.
Do Not Pull the Cuticle Too Much
Trim only that portion of the cuticle which has started to lift away from nail. It is make open wound on fingernails.
Do Not Pull Off Hang Nails
Do not try to pull the hangnails as you can tear live tissues along with hangnails. Trim off your hangnails carefully, leaving your cuticles intact and un-tampered as much as feasible.
Avoid Biting Fingernails or Picking at Cuticles
Avoid these bad habits, as they can damage your nails or cuticles. A slight cut alongside your fingernail is enough to allow bacteria or fungi to penetrate and cause infection.
Do Not Allow Any Manicurist
To touch your nails and cuticles with implements unless they are properly sterilized, as they might be bacteria infected.
Do Not Overlook Nail or Cuticle Infection
If you have such a condition, disinfect the affected area as soon as you can with antibacterial or anti-fungal agent. Keep cover an injured finger to prevent infection.
How to take care of your nails – Important Natural Nail Care Tips about manicures and pedicures:
Make sure that the technician has used sterilized tools before using them on you. There is always a chance of you getting infected through the use of unsterilized tools. Check with the technician how he has cleaned the foot baths implements. Ideally, a bleach solution should be used between customers.
Not all nail conditions are normal, however. Consult your doctor or dermatologist if you notice
- Changes in nail color, such as discoloration of the entire nail or a dark streak under the nail
- Yellow colour nails
- Changes in nail shape, such as curled nails
- Thinning or thickening of the nails
- Separation of the nail from the surrounding skin
- Bleeding around the nails
- Swelling or pain around the nails
- Bluish colour nails
- White spot present on nails
- Deep curve nails