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Infection Control Measures Safety Measures

Infection Control Measures In NICU

Purpose

The purpose of infection control is to reduce the occurrence of infectious diseases.  These diseases are usually caused by bacteria or viruses and can be spread by human to human contact, animal to human contact, human contact with an infected surface, airborne transmission through tiny droplets of infectious agents suspended in the air and finally by such common vehicles as food or water.

Scope

To prevent patient from nosocomial infection.

Definition-Infection Control

Infection control is the discipline concerned with preventing nosocomial or healthcare associated infection.  As such, it is a practical.

Applicable Areas

All Departments.

Responsibility

Staff Nurse, Head Nurse, Housekeeping Attendant and Supervisors.

Procedure

General Measures

  • Strict hand washing.
  • Apply disinfectant.
  • IV Tubing and cannulas should be changed every 72 hours.
  • Sterile paper is placed over weighing scale before checking weight of each baby.
  • All the surfaces should be kept clean and dry.
  • Pre and Post high dusting swabs should be sent as necessary and records maintained.
  • Baby cots should be cleaned in every shift with the disinfectant as well as when necessary.

Daily Cleaning

  • The floors, walls, windows and the surfaces of the equipment should be mopped daily once in a day in the morning with disinfectant.
  • In the evening and night shift, the floor should be mopped as per the hospital policy.
  • Wipe the surfaces of the cradle daily with disinfectant.
  • The suction bottles should be washed in each shift with detergent and water.
  • Disposable suction tubing is used for patient.
  • The oxygen humidifiers should be washed daily in the night shift and then used instilling sterile water.

Note : When the humidifier is not in use, it should be kept attached to the flow meter.

  • The taps and washbasins should be scrubbed in each shift.
  • Electronic equipment should be wiped properly with disinfectant thoroughly.

Weekly Cleaning – Sunday

  • The outlet of the washbasin drainage pipes should be thoroughly cleaned.
  • The ceiling fans, lights, outlets of exhaust fans etc. should be dusted properly.
  • Suction tubes are cleaned weekly once with disinfectant dried and sent for ETO.
  • Thorough scrubbing of the floor should be done after taking out all the equipments from the room followed by disinfectant
  • Refrigerator cleaning.
  • Cloth packed CSSD trays.

Terminal Disinfection

  • After the discharge / death of the child the unit should be thoroughly washed and disinfected appropriately.
  • After the discharge / death of the baby the cot is cleaned thoroughly with plain water followed by disinfectant as per HIC policy.
  • If required, the room should be highly dusted with disinfectant as per HIC policy.

Monthly Cleaning

  • The curtains on the windows should be washed monthly and if required once in two weeks.