Hyperglycemia is an excess of glucose in the bloodstream, A high blood sugar. An elevated level specifically of the sugar glucose in the blood. Hyperglycemia results from a decrease in the body’s ability to utilize or store glucose after carbohydrates are ingested and from an increase in the production of glucose by the liver during the intervals between meals. It is caused by a decrease in the production of insulin, a decrease in the action of insulin,
- Dry, itchy skin
- Fatigue or drowsiness
- Frequent urination
- Dry mouth
- Non healing wound
- Increased appetite
- Increase thirst
- Blurry vision
- Recurrent infections, such as thrush
When person gets any of above symptom:
- Check blood sugar immediately
- Drink plenty of oral fluids
- Regular exercise is often an effective way to control your blood sugar. But you should not exercise if ketones are present in your urine. This can drive your blood sugar even higher.
- Take diabetes medicine
- Follow diabetes eating plan as per dietitian
- Adjusting your insulin to control hyperglycemia.
- you should avoid beverages and foods with sugar.
- You should control the stress with adapting different techniques of stress reduction (Psychological and emotional stress)
- Test and record your blood glucose levels on a regular basis each day and share this information with your doctor at every appointment.
- Wear medical identification band.
- Know how many carbohydrates you are consuming in a day, and strive to stay in the range approved by your doctor
Targets in management of diabetes
- Fasting/premeal blood sugers-70-110
- Post meal(2 hour) blood suger-100-140
- Hba1c-less than 6.5%
- Cholesterol level-less than 150mg%
- Triglyceride level-less than 150 mg%
- LDL level-less than 70 mg%
- HDL level-males-more than 40 mg%:females-more than 50 mg%
- Blood pressure level-less than 130/80 mm hg
- Creatinine level-less than 1.2 mg%