Arteriogram procedure is known as Angiography. It is an imaging test, where uses the x-rays and special dye or contrast. Dye or contrast are administer inside the arteries, to view arteries of the brain, heart, kidney and other part of the body.
Types of Angiography
- Aortic Angiography – to view the chest and the abdomen
- Cerebral Angiography – to view brain arteries.
- Coronary Angiography – to view heart arteries
- Extremity Arteriography – to view arteries of legs and arms
- Fluorescein Angiography – to view arteries of the eyes.
- Pulmonary Angiography – to view lungs arteries
- Renal Angiography – to view arteries of the kidneys.
How to perform the Angiography
This test is diagnostic test, which is perform to identify accurate problem of that affected part. This test is done to facilitate medical treatment. The exact procedure of angiography is depends on the part of the body being examined.
A dye or contrast is administered into an artery or vein. When contrast or dye injected into the artery, it requires more preparation for the patient. Patient has to keep nil by mouth for certain hours. Hospital admission on OPD basis is require for this treatment. This procedure has to be done under special set up, like cathlab or operation theatre. Most of the time groin artery is use for dye insertion, but now day’s radial artery is selected for angiography. X-rays are taken to see the flow of dye inside the arteries through the bloodstream.
How to do Preparation for the Test
Preparation of test is depends upon the part of the body. Body preparation is require for this test. If person is taking certain medicine or drugs, which would be affected to this test. These drugs is to be stopped for certain period as per the test. In most of the cases, to keep person nil by mouth for few hours before the test.
How you feel the Test
Person may have some discomfort with the needle prick. Sometimes person will feel symptoms like flushing on the face and other parts of the body. If person has in injection through the groin area, explain him, he should be in supine position. Do not move his leg. Keep 2 kg of weigh on the groin area as a pressure. You can use sand bag. This pressure used to help avoid bleeding. Person can eat after the procedure.
Why this test is performed
Angiography or arteriogram is performed to see how blood moves through arteries and veins. It also view the blockage into the arteries and damaged arteries. In some cases treatment could be done on same time on table.
What are the Risks
The risks depends on person to person. It is a right of the patient to ask the risk and complications of the test.
- Allergic reaction, if person is having allergy of contrast or dye.
- Sometimes bleeding, infection and pain at the site of the injection.
- Blood to be clotted.
- Damaging of blood vessels
- Kidney damaging because of the contrast or dye.