When your heart beats, it pumps blood round your body to give it the energy and oxygen it needs. As the blood moves, it pushes against the sides of the blood vessels. The strength of this pushing is your blood pressure.
pressure that is exerted by the blood upon the walls of the blood vessels and especially arteries and that varies with the muscular efficiency of the heart, the blood volume and viscosity, the age and health of the individual, and the state of the vascular wall
High Blood Pressure
If a person has high blood pressure it means that the walls of the arteries are receiving too much pressure repeatedly – the pressure needs to be chronically elevated
Low Blood Pressure
Optimal blood pressure is less than 120/80 mm Hg (systolic pressure is 120 and diastolic pressure is less than 80).
- Systolic pressure. The first (top) number in a blood pressure reading, this is the amount of pressure your heart generates when pumping blood through your arteries to the rest of your body.
- Diastolic pressure. The second (bottom) number in a blood pressure reading, this refers to the amount of pressure in your arteries when your heart is at rest between beats.
10 Ways to Control Your High Blood Pressure
- Know your blood pressure. Have it checked regularly.
- Know what your weight should be. Keep it at that level or below.
- Do not use too much salt in cooking or at meals. Avoid salty foods.
- Eat a low-ft diet
- Do not smoke cigarettes or use tobacco products
- Take your medicine exactly as prescribed. Do not run out of pills even for a single day.
- Keep appointments with the doctor.
- Follow your doctor’s advice about exercise.
- Make certain that your parents, brothers, sisters and children have their blood pressure checked regularly.
- Live normal life in every other way.